Poverty is not only the most challenging issue of Pakistan but it also has engulfed whole of the globe – especially third world countries. However, it has become an incurable disease in the country. It has played a pivotal role in adding fuel to criminal activities. It permits its members to believe in sharing hopelessness, apathy and timidity. A sense of depression and deprivation leads to violence. That is why some people are compelled to adopt illicit channels to get financial prosperity which they cannot seek otherwise. Thus, it creates mistrust, chaos and moral depravity among the masses. In this way, poverty has become one of the biggest social challenges of the world and Pakistan is no exception as well.
Poverty and crime are interconnected. They have strong interdependence as well. Daunting ratio of criminal activities anguishes several countries, and has deleterious multiple aftermaths. Most significantly, it fosters to hamper living standards and quality of life. There is factual possibility of ferocious cycle among crime, unemployment and poverty. This troika has can be damaged by removing any of its wheel. Dominancy of criminal activities erode employment opportunities and are aggravated by lingering unemployment rates. This further not only leads to increase in poverty- which has direct connection with crimes- but also criminal activities through deficit of amassing of assets. On the other hand, crime can enhance the cost of doing any business thereby impacting productive activities. It can also affect overall business environment of a country.
Coming to the chanting challenge, the menace of poverty can be distinguished in Pakistan by categorizing it into two: Urban and rural poverty. In rural areas, majority of the populace does not meet their basic needs. Even they do not have access to sufficient basic needs of life, which should be provided at the door steps. Therefore, it gives birth to myriad other social problems as well. According to a report, homicide rates are higher in mega cities as compared to rural districts. But the overall comparison shows us that crime rate is a lower in urban than that of rural areas.
Poverty rate is much higher in rural areas as compared to urban zones of the country because of having relatively easier accessibility to resources and other opportunities. High occurrence and incidence of poverty in rural regions can be linked to insufficient infrastructure, dearth of opportunities and lack of resources as well.
According the United Nations, due to safety nets and lack resources for the poor in developing nations, crime also has additional costs for these people. Consequently, poor people are unable to mitigate the resulting loss of productivity which further affects their livelihood options. It is well documented in all aspects of every field that poverty and crime go hand in hand. The product of crime- poverty- affects not only individuals but it also leaves negative impacts on the whole of society. In worst situations, it might even drive out foreign as well as domestic investments, and decrease of skilled labour and productive man power.
Some scholars including Staley have also opined that chaos can wreak poverty at the aggregate level by bringing up an unstable environment which is not conducive to economic growth. So, one should have not any iota of doubt that poverty and crime have direct link with each other. The victims of crime not only bear wrath of physical pain but they face financial facets as well. Being in poverty often leads to high levels of stress, mental illness, even one might be entirely mentally disordered. Continual prevailing of poverty and unemployment in Pakistan can have huge negative consequences on the population. Therefore, it is dire need of hour to cope with the issue as soon as possible. Lastly, sometimes, it has also been observed that distressed groups give more preference to minor issues ever happened in their life. So poverty has tremendous negative impacts on human psychology.